Jews in Będzin

The synagogue

In Będzin, important places connected with Jewish culture are located near the castle:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The place where the Great Synagogue was located and where it was burnt on September 8, 1939 (opposite the castle, GPS: N 50.3263944°, E 19.1282459°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The hospital

Former Jewish hospital built in 1906 (Podzamcze 29 Street, GPS: N 50.3284290°, E 19.1300789°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The new cemetery

The cemetery was founded in 1831, located on the slope of the Castle Hill (GPS: N 50.328190°, E 19.132051°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The old cemetery

Founded in 1592 (Zawale 21 Street, GPS: N 50.32408°, E 19.13043°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jan Dorman's Theatre

The Theatre of Children from Zagłębie - founded (at this place) in 1951 by Jan Dorman but the idea for the theatre was created in 1945 (Teatralna 4 Street, GPS: N 50.3260344°, E 19.1382697°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The Cukerman's Gate

Former tenement houses of Reb Nuchim Cukerman (1858-1929), a wealthy merchant from Będzin. Today this place is called "The Cukerman's Gate" and the Foundation "Inicjatywa Brama Cukermana" is in charge of it (Plac 3 Maja 2 Street):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The Cukerman's Synagogue (Plac 3 Maja 2 Street, GPS: N 50.324779°, E 19.133682°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Inside the former synagogue. Karolina Jakoweńko from Foundation "Inicjatywa Brama Cukermana" is talking about this place:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Guestbook:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The Synagogue "Mizrachi"

Founded during The Great War by Chil Wiener, a wealthy merchant, a member of the orthodox Jewish zionist organization "Mizrachi" (Potockiego 3 Street, GPS: N 50.3234494°, E 19.1328323°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Tenement house of Rutka Laskier

Rutka was a 14-year-old Jewish teenager when she died in Nazi death camp in Auschwitz-Birkenau. She is well known for keeping her diary. She hid it under the stairs of a tenement house in the Będzin ghetto. The diary was published only in 2006. Below, the house where she lived:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Karolina Jakoweńko from Foundation "Inicjatywa Brama Cukermana" talking about Rutka's live:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Ghetto

The ghetto was set up on May 1942 and lived there almost 30000 Jews from Będzin, Zagłębie, Kielce, Oświęcim, and Czechosłowacja. When the Germans decided to liquidate the ghetto in August 1943 and export the Jews to the death camp, the Jews started the uprising (see: The Jewish Combat Organization in Będzin). Especially, Frumka Płotnicka showed great courage and commitment. The Polak Family (especially Maria Polak, a Pole) has shown its great help to build an underground bunker. Below, "Ghetto Heros' Square", a monument commemorating the Jewish insurgents in the ghetto (Podsiadły Street, GPS: N 50,3170526°, E 19,1443248°).

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The area of former ghetto:

Jews - Będzin - fotka

The Polak Family house under which a tunnel connecting to an underground bunker was built (Podsiadły 24 Street, GPS: N 50,3181506°, E 19,1428300°):

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Jews - Będzin - fotka

Listen to audio guide dedicated to Jewish culture in Bedzin:

Audio Przewodnik